Welcome to our Blog!!

Posted on December 16th, 2009 by Sharon Gripp in Announcements

Sitting: Chris, Julie, Kerry, and Garo. Standing: Nick, Mike, Kelly, Bill, Kathy, and Sharon. (Taken 12/2010)

Welcome to the Penn State Pesticide Education Program blog. This is our first attempt at something like this so bear with us. We hope to have a new blog post at least once a week with topics such as: upcoming meetings/events, category specific topics, core topics, highlight someone we work with, promote a great resource, and maybe even have a few guest bloggers.

A New Invasive Insect: The Spotted Lanternfly

Posted on November 17th, 2014 by Ed Crow in Announcements, General

This blog article was put together by our newest part-time staff member, Ed Crow. Although Ed is officially retired from the Maryland Department of Agriculture, he still wanted to remain active helping pesticide applicators.

An adult Spotted Lanternfly

An adult Spotted Lanternfly (Photograph by Holly Raguza, PA Dept of Agriculture)

An adult Spotted Lanternfly

An adult Spotted Lanternfly (Photograph by Lawrence Barringer, PA Dept of Agriculture)

The presence of a new invasive insect to the United States, the  Spotted Lanternfly (Lycorma delicatula (WHITE)), was recently confirmed in Berks County by the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture (PDA) in cooperation with the Pennsylvania Game Commission in September. The Spotted Lanternfly is a planthopper that is native to China, India, Japan, Vietnam, and introduced into Korea as an invasive pest in 2006. In these countries it has attacked 25 plant species that are also found in Pennsylvania including grapes, apples, pines, and stone fruits. The Tree of Heaven also serves as a host for this pest. This insect has the potential to significantly impact these commodities along with the forestry industry. PDA Secretary Greig stated,

“Since this is new to the country we are taking every precaution possible. We need to do everything we can to stop the spread of the Spotted Lanternfly.”

An Immediate Quarantine

As a result, an immediate quarantine was issued by PDA for the Spotted Lanternfly on November 1, 2014 that initially covered the Pike and District Townships of Berks County. This has been recently expanded to include Hereford, Rockland, and Washington Townships of Berks County. The intent of the quarantine is to prevent the movement of this pest by restricting the movement of any material or object that can spread the pest. Industries and regulated articles under the quarantine that are not to be removed/moved to a new area are:

  • Any living stage of the Spotted Lanternfly, Lycorma delicatula, including egg masses, nymphs, and adults
  • Brush, debris, bark, or yard waste
  • Landscaping, remodeling or construction waste
  • Logs, stumps, or any tree parts
  • Firewood of any species
  • Grapevines for decorative purposes or as nursery stock
  • Nursery stock
  • Crated materials
  • Outdoor household articles including recreational vehicles, lawn tractors and mowers, mower decks, grills, grill and furniture covers, tarps, mobile homes, tile, stone, deck boards, mobile fire pits, any associated equipment, and trucks or vehicles not stored indoors.

Compliance Agreements are Available

Businesses and individuals in the quarantine area can enter into a compliance agreement with PDA and receive a permit to move these materials. Criminal or Civil penalties and/or fines can be imposed to businesses or individuals violating provisions of the quarantine. PDA is inspecting the quarantined and surrounding areas to assess the spread and impact of the Spotted Lanternfly. The quarantine may be expanded in the future to include additional areas as further detections are confirmed.

Spotted Lanternfly on a tree

Spotted Lanternfly on a tree (Photograph from PA Dept of Agriculture)

Description of the Spotted Lanternfly Insect and Its Eggs

The adult Spotted Lanternfly is about one inch long and black, red and white spotted. In the fall, the Tree of Heaven is the preferred host for feeding and egg laying, but any tree with smooth bark or any object with a smooth vertical surface can also be used for egg laying. Egg masses are about one inch long. Newly laid egg masses will have a grey pitch like covering over the eggs, while old egg masses appear as rows of 30 to 50 brownish seed like eggs that are in four to seven columns.

A Spotted Lanternfly Nymph

A Spotted Lanternfly Nymph (Photograph taken from Park et al. 2009)

If you see egg masses scrape them off the tree or other object, double bag them and throw them in the garbage, or place the eggs in alcohol or hand sanitizer to kill them.

Two egg masses on tree bark

Two egg masses on tree bark (Photograph by Holly Raguza, PA Dept of Agriculture)

Find more photographs here: Spotted Lanternfly: What to Look For

What To Do If You Find the Spotted Lanternfly

If you suspect that you have found the Spotted Lanternfly (adult, nymph, or egg mass), you have several options to report your findings.

  • Submit a sample to the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture’s Entomology lab by filling out the Entomology Program Sample Submission Form and following the submission directions.
  • Take an electronic picture of the adults or egg masses and submit them to Badbug@pa.gov for verification.
  • Call the Bad Bug hotline at 1-866-253-7189 or the Invasive Species Hotline at 1-866-253-7189 with details of the siting and your contact information.
  • If you are unsure: You can contact the Penn State Extension office in Berks County (610-378-1327 or BerksExt@psu.edu). Master Gardeners are helping to pre-screen inquiries and determine whether to advise individuals to submit samples to PDA or not for positive identification.

For More Information

Penn State Extension

Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture

Until next time,
Be Safe!

Let Me Introduce Our Staff Once Again

Posted on November 3rd, 2014 by Sharon Gripp in Announcements

Well, it has been quite a while that we have updated our readers about who is on staff at the Penn State Pesticide Education Program. I also realized that we needed to update our staff photos. However, getting us all together in one place can be quite the challenge! In a future blog, we will share some of the projects that keep our office busy throughout the year. Also, we want to introduce all our part-time and intern staff, who play a big role in our program’s success. And when you see us out and about, please stop and say HELLO as we would love to hear from you!

Kerry Richards, Penn State Pesticide Education Program DirectorIn April 2011, Dr. Kerry Richards was named our director after serving as the interim director for two years. Kerry will celebrate 25 years at Penn State this year, and all of those years have been in various capacities within our program. Besides presenting during the winter meeting season circuit, Kerry has been focusing her efforts on starting a Spanish worker training program and an air blast sprayer calibration training program. In the last year, she worked to organize a team to do on-site air blast and boom sprayer calibrations at growers’ properties throughout the state. We joke with Kerry that she would have an awesome Twitter following (including her staff): Where in the state/country/world is Kerry today? Kerry loves to travel mostly to visit grandchildren in southeast PA but she also travels frequently for work, doing recert meetings, promoting our program at national conferences, and introducing pesticide safety concepts in Mexico. In her spare time, she can tell you about all her Thrift Shop and Goodwill adventures.

Using the PaPlants Recertification Course Locator

Posted on October 6th, 2014 by Sharon Gripp in Applicators

That time of year is almost here: winter recertification meeting season! December through March is when the majority of face-to-face recertification credit meetings are held throughout the state. The most comprehensive place to find recertification meetings is the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture’s (PDA) PaPlants website, where all approved recertification meetings are organized. Go to https://www.paplants.state.pa.us (do not forget the “s” in https), highlight “Pesticide Programs” on the left hand side, and then click on “Recertification Course Locator” to search for meetings. Meetings are being added now, so start looking to find the ones that work for your schedule.

Once there, you have several “Meeting Type” options:

  • Onsite: These are your typical face-to-face meetings or sessions offered at conferences.
  • Online: These are courses are taken over the Internet on your computer at your convenience. If you do not have a strong Internet connection, some of these listings are for a CD or DVD that will be mailed to you, and you can play that on your computer. These courses usually charge a small nominal fee—usually between $10 and $50.
  • Correspondence: These are more detailed courses and although you can earn up to 10 category credits, they will take quite a bit longer to complete. Also, the fees for these courses may be well over $100.
  • Webinar: These sessions are a cross between the onsite and online courses. You access the webinar on your computer but they are scheduled for a set date and time. Since the sessions are live, you have an opportunity to interact with the speaker. The fees for these courses are usually nominal.

EPA Recognizes National Farm Safety and Health Week

Posted on September 29th, 2014 by Sharon Gripp in Announcements

National Farm Safety and Health Week was September 21-27. EPA promoted the importance of a safer and healthier agricultural work environment. The 2014 theme was “Safety Counts: Protecting What Matters.” This emphasizes EPA’s efforts to support the health and safety of farmworker communities. The “EPA Recognizes National Farm Safety and Health Week: Supports Safer and Healthier Agricultural Environment” news story highlighted the following items.

Changes to EPA’s Pivotal Farmworker Protection Effort: The Agricultural Worker Protection Standard

In February 2014 EPA announced their proposed significant changes to improve the protection of our nation’s 2 million farmworkers and their families from  pesticide exposure. The changes represent over a decade of extensive stakeholder input, and while the revisions protect workers, they also support agricultural productivity and preserve the traditions of family farms. Read more at EPA’s Proposed Agricultural Worker Protection Standard: EPA Needs Your Input webpage.

Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisonings cover

Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisonings cover

Release of the 6th Edition of Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisonings at No Cost

Through a cooperative agreement with EPA, the Medical University of South Carolina and the National Association of State Departments of Agriculture updated this resource, which provides medical clinicians with emergency and primary care information for treating patients with suspected pesticide-related illnesses. Access chapters in the 6th edition publication.

September Means Back To School: Educator Resources and The Great Insect Fair

Posted on September 8th, 2014 by Sharon Gripp in Announcements

This blog is written by Kelly Lowery, our education program associate.

September typically means back to school for many students. Last year, our Back to School blog focused on safety around the home with a busier fall schedule. This year, we want to focus a Back to School blog for educators as we share some of our new Pest Management and Pesticide Safety resources. We encourage you to view these resources can be downloaded and used

Posters

This summer, we facilitated several comprehensive programs for students in which we:

  • Introduced the definition and examples of pests,
  • Explained the steps of integrated pest management, and
  • Taught the importance of poison safety.

When instructing on the definition and examples of pests, we developed posters for Insect Mouthpieces, Insect Diagram, and Insect Metamorphosis. You can receive a high quality PDF file via email of any of these posters by filling out our Poster Request Form on our website.

The Insect Mouthpieces’ poster shows the chewing, piercing, siphoning, and sponging mouthpieces, which can help students understand that different pests can cause different damage and that different mouthpieces merit different control measures.

Our insect mouthparts poster.

Our insect mouthparts poster.

Protect Yourself from West Nile Virus

Posted on August 18th, 2014 by Sharon Gripp in Applicators, Consumers

2014 Statistics to Date

It’s that time of year again when we start hearing about positive test results for West Nile virus. In Pennsylvania, the West Nile Virus Control Program is the agency that tracts this information. The first mosquito sample that tested positive for West Nile virus (WNV) was reported on May 16 in Dauphin County. Now, over 500 mosquito samples have tested positive for WNV in 34 counties. In July, the first bird tested positive for WNV and in total, six birds in four counties have had positive detections. Finally, Pennsylvania has had 2 West Nile virus detections in humans in Philadelphia and Dauphin counties.

Counties with positive WNV detections as of August 17, 2014.

Come Learn about the Birds and Bees, and Other Pollinators Too!

Posted on August 11th, 2014 by Kerry Richards in Announcements, Places/Events

This blog was written by Kerry Richards, the Penn State Pesticide Education Program Director.

  • What is a pollinator?
  • Why are they important?
  • What can you do to help protect pollinators?
  • Did you know that one in every three bites of food you eat relies on a pollinator to get from the plant to the table?

The answers to these and other questions about Pollinators can be found be visiting the Penn State Pesticide Education Programs exhibit in the Family Room during Penn State’s Ag Progress Days (APD). This event will be held Tuesday, August 12 through Thursday, August 14, at Rock Springs, Pennsylvania. Instead of our mini-golf course, this year’s games have been designed to help answer important questions about pollinators.

The “Games People Play”

Toss Me Your Birds & Bees This game explains that a pollinator is any insect, animal, or bird that carries pollen from one flower to another helping to carry out the process of pollination. Photos illustrate the diversity of pollinators from bees to bats and in other counties, Blue-tailed Day Gecko and the Two-winged Midge, just to name a few.

Aim, Fire, Pollinate!! Pollination is the transfer of pollen grains from one flower to the stigma of another flower (of the same type). Pollinators physically collect the pollen grains on their body and transfer it to another flower. After pollination occurs, the flower can produce seeds or fruits. If it lands on another part of the flower or plant, pollination will not happen and the fruit will not be produced. This game tests the skill of the “pollinator” to see if their Velcro pollen (shuttlecocks) will land where it will pollinate the flower.

Aim, Fire, Pollinate

Aim, then toss the shuttlecock into the center of the flower to pollinate it.

Got Stink Bugs? Answer a Survey and Get a Free Resource!

Posted on May 19th, 2014 by Sharon Gripp in Announcements

Are you a grower? Got stink bugs? StopBMSB needs your help!

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug. Image by Steven Jacobs.

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug. Image by Steven Jacobs.

The Outreach Team for StopBMSB are surveying growers to assess the impact of the brown marmorated stink bug on crops and collecting information that will help them defeat this pest.

Receive a free Field Guide to Stink Bugs when you complete the 10-minute BMSB survey at https://cornell.qualtrics.com/SE/?SID=SV_5ssnjXLNhvp6v1H. But hurry, the survey closes on June 30, 2014.

What is StopBMSB?

With funding from U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Specialty Crop Research Initiative, a team of researchers from 10 institutions across the United States are working together to form a defense against the invasive pest brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB). StopBMSB is working to find management solutions for growers, seeking strategies that will protect our food, our environment, and our farms.

Be sure to visit the StopBMSB website as they have lots great information and resources!

Other BMSB Resources

Pennsylvania BMSB Information, StopBMSB

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Information, Northeastern IPM Center

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Penn State Department of Entomology

Until next time,
Be Safe!

FREE Apps for Pest Management

Posted on May 5th, 2014 by Andrew Frankenfield in Applicators, General

The following information was provided to us from Andrew Frankenfield, a Penn State Extension Educator from Montgomery County. (Sharon Gripp added links and logos.)

Tank Mix Calculator logoTank Mix Calculator for iPhone + Android

This agriculture application is provided free for any farmer to use on their mobile device to quickly and easily generate a tank mix. Just enter your acreage, tank size, and carrier volume. Next, select your chemicals from our list or add your own. Tank Mix Calculator will then provide you with the number of loads required to spray your acreage, along with full and partial load mixes of the chemicals you selected.

TankMix App for iPhone onlyTankMix App logo

The DuPont TankMix Calculator Application lets you quickly and easily calculate how much product and water you need for effective applications based on your acreage or spray tank size. Choose from a wide selection of units of measure and work in either numerals or fractions.

Private Applicators: Know Your Neighbors

Posted on April 28th, 2014 by Dave Scott in Applicators

This blog was written by Dave Scott, Chief of the Division of Health and Safety in the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture. This article also appeared in the January 2014 Pesticide Highlights newsletter.

Every year the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture receives pesticide related complaints – ranging from herbicide drift or misapplication to medical reactions to exposure – from people who live near areas where growers are applying pesticides. As an applicator, it is your responsibility to make sure you are using pesticides safely, and that means being aware of your neighbors.

The Department maintains a list of people who have provided medical verification of a sensitivity to pesticides. This list can be viewed online by PaPlants registered users under the “Programs” heading in the Hypersensitivity/Apiary Search” at https://www.PaPlants.state.pa.us. You can type in an address and see a listing of these individuals located within 5 miles of that location, or select your county and township for a larger area. Consider notifying individuals in the Hypersensitivity Registry before you apply any pesticides.