Welcome to the Penn State Pesticide Education Program blog. This is our first attempt at something like this so bear with us. We hope to have a new blog post at least once a week with topics such as: upcoming meetings/events, category specific topics, core topics, highlight someone we work with, promote a great resource, and maybe even have a few guest bloggers.
Kelly Over, our Education Program Assistant, wrote this blog.
Dishwasher and detergent pods are a conveniently packaged option that can result in less waste and greater product efficiency than its traditional counterparts. While the pods, or also referred to as packs, might provide a solution for homeowners, parents and family members should be conscious of the potential accidental poisoning, especially as the pods and packs contain a highly concentrated amount of product.
In our previous Be Safe with Dishwasher and Detergent Pods blog, we discussed the similar appearance of pods and packs with candy, as well as tips for how to keep your family safe. A recent research report and news stories have brought detergent and dishwasher pod and packs back to attention.
Pediatrics Journal Article Focuses on Pod Exposure
Published in November 2014, a Pediatrics article focused on pod exposure in children under six years of age, using data from the National Poison Data System (NPDS) which is managed by the American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC). The NPDS includes the data from phone calls made to the over fifty Poison Control Centers nationwide.
The study found that 17,230 children were exposed to pods in 2012-2013. These figures only include the calls made to Poison Control Centers; other exposures could have been reported to directly health care providers/physicians or were not reported at all.
Children who were one and two years of age accounted for the highest exposure rates, representing 65 percent of the calls. Ingestion was the most common route of exposure, accounting for nearly 80 percent of the exposures. Ocular (eye) and dermal (skin) exposures were also reported. “Among exposed children, 4.4% were hospitalized and 7.5% experienced a moderate or major medical outcome.” (1) There has been one confirmed death and 102 children who required tracheal intubation as the result of ingestion and ocular exposure.
The study found 98 percent of these exposures occurred at a residence. For about one-half of the reported exposures, the situation that led to the accidental poisoning was also provided, which included:
- Pods stored within sight of the child
- A container temporarily left open while caregiver was distracted when using the pods
- Pods stored an inappropriate location
- Pods stored in low cabinets
Since April 2013, there has been a slight decline of Poison Control Center calls about pods. Increased educational awareness and packaging modifications, such as opaque wrappers and additional container latching, could be influencing the decline.
Accidental Pod Poisoning
A CBS News Story discussed the Pediatrics report, but also shared the unfortunate story of a mother whose young daughter had been accidentally exposed to the pods. The mother had tossed several laundry detergent pods in the diaper bag while visiting a relative to transport back to their home. The pods were mistaken for a toy and given to the baby. While the accident was quickly discovered and the baby was only exposed to the pod for a brief time, the poisoning resulted in a trip to the hospital. Thankfully, the baby was okay after receiving some hospital treatment. The story can serve as an important reminder for parents and families to be especially careful if using pods and packs, ensuring safe storage to prevent children from exposure and knowing to call Poison Control Center (1-800-222-1222) to get help if someone has been poisoned.
Additionally, when it comes to laundry detergent options, the Pediatrics Journal article notes that “households with children younger than 4 years should be encouraged to use traditional laundry detergent products rather than laundry detergent pods.” (1)
Keep Safe with Pods and Packs
With detergent and dishwasher pods and packs, as well as other products around the home that could be mistaken for something edible, follow these key reminders:
- Store items in a locked cabinet and out of child’s reach.
- Keep products in their original containers and packaging.
- Put Mr. Yuk stickers on the bag to alert children to stay away.
Use Mr. Yuk to Reach a Poison Control Center
Not only can children be taught that Mr. Yuk means to stay away from a product, but Mr. Yuk also displays the phone number for the Poison Control Center (1-800-222-1222) if someone has been accidentally poisoned. The Poison Control Center is free to call, open 24 hours a day/seven days a week, and puts you in contact with doctors and nurses ready to help you with your poison emergency. Contact our office if you need Mr. Yuk stickers.
Until next time,
1. Valdez, A. L., Casavant, M. J., Spiller, H. A., Chounthirath, T., Xiang, H. , and Smith, G. A. (2014). Pediatric Exposure to Laundry Detergent Pods. Pediatrics, 134 (6). Retrieved from http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2014/11/05/peds.2014-0057.full.pdf
The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture is again offering the CHEMSWEEP Program to those agricultural businesses and pesticide applicators in the selected 18 counties. The program is available in different counties each year and the 2015 counties include: Bucks, Crawford, Dauphin, Erie, Fayette, Greene, Huntingdon, Juniata, Lycoming, Mercer, Mifflin, Montgomery, Perry, Philadelphia, Susquehanna, Tioga, Wayne, and Westmoreland.
Agriculture Secretary George Greig said,
“Pesticides can be a problem when they outlive their usefulness, sitting in barns and sheds and becoming hazardous to the environment and to your safety. Thanks to CHEMSWEEP, it’s easier for our agriculture industry to safeguard our environment and properly dispose of pesticides.”
Since CHEMSWEEP was established in 1993, nearly 2.3 million pounds of unwanted or unusable pesticides have been properly destroyed through the program. What a great program for the environment!
Where do all these pesticides come from? Every year, many pesticide products are discontinued, phased out, or become unusable, leaving growers, commercial establishments, and applicators with potentially dangerous and toxic materials that cannot be placed in landfills. The unwanted pesticides often become a safety hazard and an environmental concern when they are stored, long-term, in garages, barns, or other areas.
As usual, licensed pesticide applicators, pesticide dealers, and commercial pesticide application businesses from the designated counties are eligible to participate by completing the CHEMSWEEP registration/inventory form that will be direct-mailed to them. This registration period ends February 28.
An independent contractor that is hired by the state collects and packages all waste pesticides at each participating location, primarily for incineration at facilities approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The first 2,000 pounds of pesticide per participant is covered by CHEMSWEEP. Anything above that amount, participants are billed for the overage but at the Department of Agriculture’s contracted price.
This program is funded through annual registration fees paid by pesticide manufacturers and applicators.
Information taken from a Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture News Release.
Until Next Time,
This blog article was put together by our newest part-time staff member, Ed Crow. Although Ed is officially retired from the Maryland Department of Agriculture, he still wanted to remain active helping pesticide applicators.
The presence of a new invasive insect to the United States, the Spotted Lanternfly (Lycorma delicatula (WHITE)), was recently confirmed in Berks County by the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture (PDA) in cooperation with the Pennsylvania Game Commission in September. The Spotted Lanternfly is a planthopper that is native to China, India, Japan, Vietnam, and introduced into Korea as an invasive pest in 2006. In these countries it has attacked 25 plant species that are also found in Pennsylvania including grapes, apples, pines, and stone fruits. The Tree of Heaven also serves as a host for this pest. This insect has the potential to significantly impact these commodities along with the forestry industry. PDA Secretary Greig stated,
“Since this is new to the country we are taking every precaution possible. We need to do everything we can to stop the spread of the Spotted Lanternfly.”
An Immediate Quarantine
As a result, an immediate quarantine was issued by PDA for the Spotted Lanternfly on November 1, 2014 that initially covered the Pike and District Townships of Berks County. This has been recently expanded to include Hereford, Rockland, and Washington Townships of Berks County. The intent of the quarantine is to prevent the movement of this pest by restricting the movement of any material or object that can spread the pest. Industries and regulated articles under the quarantine that are not to be removed/moved to a new area are:
- Any living stage of the Spotted Lanternfly, Lycorma delicatula, including egg masses, nymphs, and adults
- Brush, debris, bark, or yard waste
- Landscaping, remodeling or construction waste
- Logs, stumps, or any tree parts
- Firewood of any species
- Grapevines for decorative purposes or as nursery stock
- Nursery stock
- Crated materials
- Outdoor household articles including recreational vehicles, lawn tractors and mowers, mower decks, grills, grill and furniture covers, tarps, mobile homes, tile, stone, deck boards, mobile fire pits, any associated equipment, and trucks or vehicles not stored indoors.
Compliance Agreements are Available
Businesses and individuals in the quarantine area can enter into a compliance agreement with PDA and receive a permit to move these materials. Criminal or Civil penalties and/or fines can be imposed to businesses or individuals violating provisions of the quarantine. PDA is inspecting the quarantined and surrounding areas to assess the spread and impact of the Spotted Lanternfly. The quarantine may be expanded in the future to include additional areas as further detections are confirmed.
Description of the Spotted Lanternfly Insect and Its Eggs
The adult Spotted Lanternfly is about one inch long and black, red and white spotted. In the fall, the Tree of Heaven is the preferred host for feeding and egg laying, but any tree with smooth bark or any object with a smooth vertical surface can also be used for egg laying. Egg masses are about one inch long. Newly laid egg masses will have a grey pitch like covering over the eggs, while old egg masses appear as rows of 30 to 50 brownish seed like eggs that are in four to seven columns.
If you see egg masses scrape them off the tree or other object, double bag them and throw them in the garbage, or place the eggs in alcohol or hand sanitizer to kill them.
Find more photographs here: Spotted Lanternfly: What to Look For
What To Do If You Find the Spotted Lanternfly
If you suspect that you have found the Spotted Lanternfly (adult, nymph, or egg mass), you have several options to report your findings.
- Submit a sample to the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture’s Entomology lab by filling out the Entomology Program Sample Submission Form and following the submission directions.
- Take an electronic picture of the adults or egg masses and submit them to Badbug@pa.gov for verification.
- Call the Bad Bug hotline at 1-866-253-7189 or the Invasive Species Hotline at 1-866-253-7189 with details of the siting and your contact information.
- If you are unsure: You can contact the Penn State Extension office in Berks County (610-378-1327 or BerksExt@psu.edu). Master Gardeners are helping to pre-screen inquiries and determine whether to advise individuals to submit samples to PDA or not for positive identification.
For More Information
- Spotted Lanternfly website Find the latest news, photos, and other links
- Spotted Lanternfly Regulations: What the General Quarantine Means for Moving Items
- Spotted Lanternfly: What to Look For (see more photographs)
- New Pest Update: Spotted Lanternfly Webinar (learn more about this pest from a recorded webinar held on Monday, November
Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture
- Spotted Lanternfly website
- Spotted Lanternfly: Pest Alert Fact Sheet
- Entomology Program Sample Submission Form
- Spotted Lanternfly Checklist (Before you move outdoor items from the quarantined area, check for spotted lanternfly egg masses, adults, and nymphs. Make sure all items are pest free before you move them. Help keep this pest from spreading.)
- The primary PDA contact is Dana Rhodes, plant inspection program specialist, can be contacted at 717-772-5205 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Until next time,
Well, it has been quite a while that we have updated our readers about who is on staff at the Penn State Pesticide Education Program. I also realized that we needed to update our staff photos. However, getting us all together in one place can be quite the challenge! In a future blog, we will share some of the projects that keep our office busy throughout the year. Also, we want to introduce all our part-time and intern staff, who play a big role in our program’s success. And when you see us out and about, please stop and say HELLO as we would love to hear from you!
In April 2011, Dr. Kerry Richards was named our director after serving as the interim director for two years. Kerry will celebrate 25 years at Penn State this year, and all of those years have been in various capacities within our program. Besides presenting during the winter meeting season circuit, Kerry has been focusing her efforts on starting a Spanish worker training program and an air blast sprayer calibration training program. In the last year, she worked to organize a team to do on-site air blast and boom sprayer calibrations at growers’ properties throughout the state. We joke with Kerry that she would have an awesome Twitter following (including her staff): Where in the state/country/world is Kerry today? Kerry loves to travel mostly to visit grandchildren in southeast PA but she also travels frequently for work, doing recert meetings, promoting our program at national conferences, and introducing pesticide safety concepts in Mexico. In her spare time, she can tell you about all her Thrift Shop and Goodwill adventures.
That time of year is almost here: winter recertification meeting season! December through March is when the majority of face-to-face recertification credit meetings are held throughout the state. The most comprehensive place to find recertification meetings is the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture’s (PDA) PaPlants website, where all approved recertification meetings are organized. Go to https://www.paplants.state.pa.us (do not forget the “s” in https), highlight “Pesticide Programs” on the left hand side, and then click on “Recertification Course Locator” to search for meetings. Meetings are being added now, so start looking to find the ones that work for your schedule.
Once there, you have several “Meeting Type” options:
- Onsite: These are your typical face-to-face meetings or sessions offered at conferences.
- Online: These are courses are taken over the Internet on your computer at your convenience. If you do not have a strong Internet connection, some of these listings are for a CD or DVD that will be mailed to you, and you can play that on your computer. These courses usually charge a small nominal fee—usually between $10 and $50.
- Correspondence: These are more detailed courses and although you can earn up to 10 category credits, they will take quite a bit longer to complete. Also, the fees for these courses may be well over $100.
- Webinar: These sessions are a cross between the onsite and online courses. You access the webinar on your computer but they are scheduled for a set date and time. Since the sessions are live, you have an opportunity to interact with the speaker. The fees for these courses are usually nominal.
National Farm Safety and Health Week was September 21-27. EPA promoted the importance of a safer and healthier agricultural work environment. The 2014 theme was “Safety Counts: Protecting What Matters.” This emphasizes EPA’s efforts to support the health and safety of farmworker communities. The “EPA Recognizes National Farm Safety and Health Week: Supports Safer and Healthier Agricultural Environment” news story highlighted the following items.
Changes to EPA’s Pivotal Farmworker Protection Effort: The Agricultural Worker Protection Standard
In February 2014 EPA announced their proposed significant changes to improve the protection of our nation’s 2 million farmworkers and their families from pesticide exposure. The changes represent over a decade of extensive stakeholder input, and while the revisions protect workers, they also support agricultural productivity and preserve the traditions of family farms. Read more at EPA’s Proposed Agricultural Worker Protection Standard: EPA Needs Your Input webpage.
Release of the 6th Edition of Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisonings at No Cost
Through a cooperative agreement with EPA, the Medical University of South Carolina and the National Association of State Departments of Agriculture updated this resource, which provides medical clinicians with emergency and primary care information for treating patients with suspected pesticide-related illnesses. Access chapters in the 6th edition publication.
This blog is written by Kelly Lowery, our education program associate.
September typically means back to school for many students. Last year, our Back to School blog focused on safety around the home with a busier fall schedule. This year, we want to focus a Back to School blog for educators as we share some of our new Pest Management and Pesticide Safety resources. We encourage you to view these resources can be downloaded and used
This summer, we facilitated several comprehensive programs for students in which we:
- Introduced the definition and examples of pests,
- Explained the steps of integrated pest management, and
- Taught the importance of poison safety.
When instructing on the definition and examples of pests, we developed posters for Insect Mouthpieces, Insect Diagram, and Insect Metamorphosis. You can receive a high quality PDF file via email of any of these posters by filling out our Poster Request Form on our website.
The Insect Mouthpieces’ poster shows the chewing, piercing, siphoning, and sponging mouthpieces, which can help students understand that different pests can cause different damage and that different mouthpieces merit different control measures.
2014 Statistics to Date
It’s that time of year again when we start hearing about positive test results for West Nile virus. In Pennsylvania, the West Nile Virus Control Program is the agency that tracts this information. The first mosquito sample that tested positive for West Nile virus (WNV) was reported on May 16 in Dauphin County. Now, over 500 mosquito samples have tested positive for WNV in 34 counties. In July, the first bird tested positive for WNV and in total, six birds in four counties have had positive detections. Finally, Pennsylvania has had 2 West Nile virus detections in humans in Philadelphia and Dauphin counties.
This blog was written by Kerry Richards, the Penn State Pesticide Education Program Director.
- What is a pollinator?
- Why are they important?
- What can you do to help protect pollinators?
- Did you know that one in every three bites of food you eat relies on a pollinator to get from the plant to the table?
The answers to these and other questions about Pollinators can be found be visiting the Penn State Pesticide Education Programs exhibit in the Family Room during Penn State’s Ag Progress Days (APD). This event will be held Tuesday, August 12 through Thursday, August 14, at Rock Springs, Pennsylvania. Instead of our mini-golf course, this year’s games have been designed to help answer important questions about pollinators.
The “Games People Play”
Toss Me Your Birds & Bees This game explains that a pollinator is any insect, animal, or bird that carries pollen from one flower to another helping to carry out the process of pollination. Photos illustrate the diversity of pollinators from bees to bats and in other counties, Blue-tailed Day Gecko and the Two-winged Midge, just to name a few.
Aim, Fire, Pollinate!! Pollination is the transfer of pollen grains from one flower to the stigma of another flower (of the same type). Pollinators physically collect the pollen grains on their body and transfer it to another flower. After pollination occurs, the flower can produce seeds or fruits. If it lands on another part of the flower or plant, pollination will not happen and the fruit will not be produced. This game tests the skill of the “pollinator” to see if their Velcro pollen (shuttlecocks) will land where it will pollinate the flower.
Are you a grower? Got stink bugs? StopBMSB needs your help!
The Outreach Team for StopBMSB are surveying growers to assess the impact of the brown marmorated stink bug on crops and collecting information that will help them defeat this pest.
Receive a free Field Guide to Stink Bugs when you complete the 10-minute BMSB survey at https://cornell.qualtrics.com/SE/?SID=SV_5ssnjXLNhvp6v1H. But hurry, the survey closes on June 30, 2014.
What is StopBMSB?
With funding from U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Specialty Crop Research Initiative, a team of researchers from 10 institutions across the United States are working together to form a defense against the invasive pest brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB). StopBMSB is working to find management solutions for growers, seeking strategies that will protect our food, our environment, and our farms.
Be sure to visit the StopBMSB website as they have lots great information and resources!
Other BMSB Resources
Until next time,